The UK Armenian diaspora is presently seen as Armenians who emigrated to the UK following the 1950’s from various diaspora locations, as well as from Armenia following the collapse of the Soviet Union. Before all this, there was a thriving Armenian community with the pre-World War 1 community centered in Manchester. Armenians had developed strong interpersonal links with British society via Indian trade links and other global trade activities. Yet at the turn of the century, these traders began to form a community. Based around community centres and churches, the Armenian community began to thrive as a unit that was within the upper echelons of British society with politics being conducted through personal connections between financial and political notable figures.

As World War 1 descended over Europe and the Middle East, this community saw a change in its working practices and communal structure. Whereas before the community had existed as a ‘trade diaspora’ they now began to take on a more communal structure with activities channeled through community means rather than interpersonal ones. Many Armenians volunteered to fight for Britain, those who remained faced different horrors. Constant news stories were published detailing the horrors of the Middle Eastern theatre, in events that later came to be known as the Armenian Genocide. Diplomatic complaints went unheard and many Armenians lost their faith in a Armeno-British cultural affinity and engaged in lobbying activities and protests in order to raise the case of the Armenians with the British government. As a result, the war and the Genocide despite being worlds away from the life of UK-Armenians, significantly changed their behaviour and structure.

Being part of the diaspora, it becomes very difficult to see how it changes and evolves over a lifetime. But, like everything in life, diaspora communities change their structures in response to internal and external stimuli. By learning about such diaspora transformations in the past, we can increase our understanding of them and hope to be better prepared for inevitable transformations in the future.

Featured image: A cart piled with ragged possessions and five Armenian refugee children during the British Army Dunsterforce’s defense of Baku, from the Imperial War Museum archives.

This piece is based on the dissertation of a project contributor

Coronavirus Notice


Our charity is working hard to respond to the changing situation around Coronavirus (COVID-19) related issues. We do our best to continue to provide our services for our members and the Armenian community at large and ask for your patience during this challenging time.

Our staff and volunteers are working hard to continue supporting you in the best way that we can, whilst also staying on top of reducing risk of spreading infection and supporting our colleague who may be more at risk.

However, due to the current situation and in the best interest of all of us, we had to make some changes to our normal services. Starting from Monday 16 March 2020, all our services including the face-to-face advice work, the Parents & Toddlers Group, the English classes, Library, the elders lunch club and the youth club are suspended until further notice.

We ask that anyone experiencing Coronavirus symptoms or having to self-isolate due to being exposed to someone with coronavirus, does not attend Hayashen until further notice and call NHS 111 for advice.

However, as we wish to support you as best as we can, our advice work continues by telephone, email and online. You may contact us on 020 89924621 or use our website ( to leave an enquiry or email us on

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If you have any questions, please do not hesitate to contact us. Thank you.

Misak Ohanian (CEO) & CAIA Board of Directors.           20 June 2020